West Side Y.M.C.A.

A Cleveland neighborhood center for over a century

In 1895, the Board of Directors of Cleveland's Young Men's Christian Association decided the time was right to build the organization's first branch facility on the city's West Side. It was a decision that not only produced several important "firsts" for the organization but, in the longer view, created a new community center on Franklin Boulevard that would serve the surrounding neighborhood for more than a century.

The origins of the building at 3200 Franklin Boulevard, which today is home to a condominium development known as "Franklin Lofts," may be said to go back to May 7, 1898, and the sudden death of W. A. Ingham, a prominent Cleveland bookseller and publisher. Ingham's business had sustained a severe and unexpected loss in 1889 from which neither it nor he fully recovered, and, when he died, Ingham left his widow in a precarious financial condition. According to her late husband's will, she had two options. She could continue to live in their grand Italianate style house on the northwest corner of Franklin Avenue and Duane (West 32nd) Street, or she could sell the house and receive a lump sum of money from the estate. The widow in question was Mary B. Ingham (also known as Mary Bigelow Ingham), a Cleveland pioneer feminist, a charter member of the national Women's Christian Temperance Union, a co-founder of the Cleveland Institute of Art, and an author of numerous articles and books about the lives of nineteenth century women. She decided to stay in the house for the next two years while her husband's estate was being probated, taking in roomers to help pay the bills. As the estate proceedings drew to a close, she elected to have the house sold and, in the Fall of 1900, she moved out, taking up residence on the campus of Oberlin College. There, she continued to write and publish and, undoubtedly, continued to influence yet another generation of American women.

W.A. Ingham's death in 1898, and the decision of Mary B. Ingham to move out of their house in 1900, paved the way for the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) to establish a branch facility on the west side of Cleveland. Since 1895, the Cleveland YMCA had been looking for an opportunity to do so. In 1897, it had mounted a campaign to establish a location, but, according to the March 18, 1900, edition of the Plain Dealer, it had failed for lack of support. When, in 1900, it came to the attention of a young men's club at the Franklin Avenue Methodist-Episcopal Church, located on the southwest corner of Franklin Avenue and Duane Street that the Ingham House, just across the street, was for sale, they mounted their own campaign to have it become the new west side YMCA. Prominent west side business men joined the effort. Robert Wallace, the recently retired president of the Cleveland Shipbuilding Company, and as well a long-time resident of Franklin Boulevard, purchased the Ingham house and donated it to the YMCA. Others contributed the money necessary to construct a gymnasium addition onto the rear of the house. On November 5, 1901, the new West Side YMCA, which was initially called the West Side Boys Club, opened. Not only was it Cleveland's first YMCA branch located on the city's west side, but it was also, according to contemporary newspaper accounts, the first YMCA in the United States whose membership was restricted to boys between the ages of 12 and 18.

The person who was tapped to head the new West Side YMCA was Mathew D. Crackel, Secretary of the Junior Department of the Central YMCA since 1897. Crackel, who had been living in downtown Cleveland, immediately moved to Franklin Boulevard, the street on which, except for a two-year stay in Jerusalem in the 1930s where he established a YMCA for Jewish and Palestinian boys, he would live for the rest of his life. Crackel was known for his moral compass, his motivational speeches and his extended hiking and camping trips. The most memorable of the latter were his annual "gypsy trips," which began in 1902. Each year, Crackel led a group of YMCA boys on long hikes that often covered hundreds of miles, and involved camping outdoors for weeks, before returning to Cleveland. Crackel also headed the first Boy Scout troop in Cleveland, which was formed at the West Side YMCA in 1910. He served as Secretary of the West Side YMCA until his retirement in 1933.

It was during Mathew Crackel's tenure as head of the West Side YMCA that the building which currently sits on the northwest corner of Franklin Boulevard and West 32nd Street was erected. In 1909, the Cleveland YMCA had decided to expand its membership by constructing new and larger facilities for its Central YMCA on Prospect Avenue as well as for its East End and West Side branches. The new West Side YMCA facility was to be built at the same general location as the existing facility. The lot on Franklin immediately to the west of the Ingham House was purchased and the house on it razed. The Ingham house was razed as well and the gymnasium, which had been attached to the rear of it, was moved to the rear of the lot to the west. The new building was erected on and straddled both of the lots. It was designed by architect Albert Skeel, an English immigrant who trained in Cleveland at the offices of the well-known architect Frank Barnum. Four stories in height, including its basement which held the lobby and served as the building's "ground" floor, it had 120 feet of frontage on Franklin Boulevard and an equal amount on West 32nd Street. It was equipped with a gymnasium (giving this branch two gymnasiums), a swimming pool, an indoor running track, a handball court, game rooms, reading rooms, club rooms, a dormitory with capacity for 100 occupants, and a large kitchen and dining room. (Later, an addition with more handball courts was constructed onto the west side of the new building.) Construction was begun and completed in 1911 at a cost of $110,000. The new West Side YMCA was dedicated by Cleveland Mayor Newton D. Baker on March 21, 1912.

In the years, and decades that followed, the West Side YMCA became more than just a place for young men to go and follow the tenets of what was then referred to as "muscular Christianity." In addition to the athletics, the clubs, the reading rooms and the other programs designed for young men, the building also served as a place for neighborhood residents to gather and participate in community events. There were open houses and receptions, meetings of a variety of local organizations, art and other exhibitions, political gatherings, concerts, workshops, fund-raising events, lectures, and even a circus, which were attended by residents of what was then called the Near West Side, but what eventually became known as the Ohio City neighborhood. As Cleveland's west side changed demographically in the post World War II era, the West Side YMCA changed with it, converting dormitories that had been built for young men moving to Cleveland into transitional housing for Cleveland's homeless, and hosting the Hispanic Culture Center in recognition of the growing Hispanic presence in the neighborhood. It also became a favorite place for older neighborhood men, especially retirees, to go and play handball. Change of a different type came to the West Side YMCA in 1953, when it was hit by the tornado that destroyed many buildings on the west side of Cleveland. The original wooden gymnasium building on the property was totally destroyed and the main building suffered substantial damage. The old complex roof built with Spanish tile on its sloped front was rebuilt as a flat roof, giving the building thereafter a very different look. By the 1980s, the West Side YMCA, like many other inner city YMCAs, was facing yet another challenge, this time to stay financially afloat. Efforts by members of the community helped to keep it open for another two decades, but, on September 1, 2004, the West Side YMCA closed its doors for good. The building was later sold to a developer who, in 2010, converted it into the Franklin Lofts.

Images

The West Side YMCA 1928 postcard showing the front of the West Side YMCA building. Note the look of the original roof with Spanish tiles on its sloped front. The building was substantially damaged in the 1953 tornado and rebuilt with a flat roof. Source: Cleveland Pubic Library, Photograph Collection
The Ingham House Built in 1872, the W. A. and Mary B. Ingham House sat on the northwest corner of Franklin Avenue (Boulevard) and Duane (West 32nd) Street. Following her husband's death, Mrs. Ingham moved from the house in 1900 and the following year it became the west side's first YMCA branch facility. In 1911, the house was razed to make room for the construction of a new YMCA facility on the site, the same building which sits there today. Source: Craig Bobby
Mary Bigelow Ingham (1832-1923) A pioneer feminist, Ingham was a charter member of the national Women's Christian Temperance Union in which she served as its first Secretary. She was a prolific writer, often writing under the pen name of Anne Hathaway. As a young woman, she taught French, Italian and Spanish at Ohio Wesleyan College. She was an artist, and was one of the founders of Western Reserve School of Design, which later became the Cleveland Institute of Art. In 1866, she married Cleveland book seller and publisher, W. A. Ingham, residing with him until his death in 1898. After her husband died, Ingham moved to Oberlin, Ohio, and later to Los Angeles where she died in 1923. This photo of her was taken in 1893. Source: Wikipedia
The first West Side YMCA In 1901, the Ingham house with a gymnasium addition constructed onto its rear, opened as the West Side YMCA. This sketch, presenting a view of the house and addition from Duane (West 32nd) Street, appeared in the May 4, 1901, Plain Dealer. Source: Cleveland Public Library, Digital Newspaper Collection
Mathew D. Crackel (1870-1956) Born in Illinois, Crackel was a YMCA volunteer in Evanston before coming to Cleveland and becoming Secretary of the Junior Department of the Central YMCA in 1898. In 1901, he became Secretary of the new West Side YMCA, a position he held until his retirement in 1933. (The above photo was taken in 1903, just two years into his tenure as head of the West Side YMCA.) Crackel was an inspirational speaker and believed in the YMCA's muscular Christianity program, taking YMCA boys on long hikes, called "gypsy trips" that covered hundreds of miles. Crackel was also responsible for the formation of Cleveland's first Boy Scout troop, at the West Side YMCA in 1910. He died in his house at 4512 Franklin Boulevard in 1956. Source: Cleveland State University, Michael Schwartz Library, Special Collections
The reading room This photograph-postcard shows members of the West Side Boys Club reading books in one of the rooms of the former W. A. and Mary Bigelow Ingham mansion. The postcard was sent in 1903. Source: Digitalcommonwealth.org
The Ohio Gypsies The West Side YMCA sponsored annual hiking trips for its members called "gypsy trips." The boys who went on the trips called themselves "Ohio gypsies." The YMCA postcard with a photo of boys on a gypsy trip was sent in May 1904. Source: Digitalcommonwealth.org
The new West Side YMCA building This plate from a 1912 issue of the Brickbuilder Journal shows the front facade of the new West Side YMCA building. Also shown on the plate are architectural drawings of the layouts of each floor. The building was designed by Cleveland architect Albert Skeel. Source: HathiTrust Digital Library
More Photos of the New Building The above interior and exterior photos of the new West Side YMCA building also appeared in the Brickbuilder Journal in 1912. Source: HathiTrust Digital Library
The entrance This photograph presenting a close up view of the front entrance to the West Side YMCA building is undated. Source: Cleveland Landmarks Commission
The West Side YWCA In 1913, the Cleveland YWCA established a west side branch for west side girls. Two of Franklin Boulevard's grand homes located on the southeast corner of Franklin and West 32nd Street, diagonally across from the West Side YMCA, served as the girl's YWCA. The photo above is of the Judge James Coffinberry House at 3105 Franklin Boulevard which was used by the junior girls department of the YWCA. The photo was taken in 1920. The Coffinberry House was razed in 1928 to make room for a new YWCA residence hall and apartment house. Source: Cleveland Public Library, Photograph Collection
A important intersection This 1927-1937 Cleveland Plat Map shows that, during that time period, all four corners of the intersection of Franklin Boulevard and West 32nd Street were occupied by important west side institutional buildings. The West Side YMCA, Franklin Boulevard Methodist-Episcopal Church, the West Side YWCA, and Fairview Park Hospital were all located at that intersection, and Lourdes Academy, a private girls high school, was located just to the east of the YWCA campus. Of these, only the YMCA and YWCA buildings remain standing today. Source: Cleveland Public Library, Digital Map Collection
A view down Franklin Boulevard This 1935 photo of Franklin Boulevard was taken from near West 31st Place facing west toward West 32nd Street. While the YMCA building is the most prominent building visible in the photo, also partially visible are the Franklin Boulevard Methodist-Episcopal Church (which burned to the ground in 1947) on the right side of the photo, and the West Side YWCA campus and Fairview Park Hospital on the left. Source: Cleveland Public Library, Photograph Collection
A Place for the Community While the West Side YMCA building was built for boys between the ages of 12 and 18, the building also served other community purposes. In this 1964 photo, a woman is shown selling Girl Scout cookies to a man at the West Side YMCA. Source: Cleveland State University, Michael Schwartz Library, Special Collections
A New Look The West Side YMCA was substantially damaged by the 1953 tornado. The damage was repaired, but the roof was rebuilt differently, flat and without the sloped, Spanish tiled front. This undated photo is from circa 1980. Source: Cleveland Public Library, Photograph Collection

Location

3200 Franklin Blvd, Cleveland, OH 44113

Metadata

Jim Dubelko, “West Side Y.M.C.A.,” Cleveland Historical, accessed January 28, 2022, https://clevelandhistorical.org/items/show/933.