Filed Under Architecture

B. F. Tyler House

Home of one of Ohio City's Founders

You might not notice this house as you drive south on West 44th Street, first crossing the bridge over I-90 and then approaching the bridge over the Big Four railroad tracks near Train Avenue. But just before you get to that second bridge, take a glance to your right because that two-story brick home at 4403 Fenwick Avenue is special. Not only is it one of the oldest houses in the Clark-Fulton neighborhood and an unusual example of Italianate architecture for the Cleveland area, but it was also built by one of the pioneer founders of Ohio City.

Benjamin F. Tyler was born in Jefferson County, New York, in 1802. He came to Cleveland in 1832 as the principal representative of an investment group from Buffalo, which included New York state judge Philander Bennett, his wife Sarah's uncle. The out-of-state group had entered into an agreement with two Cleveland merchants, Charles M. Giddings and Norman C. Baldwin, to purchase and redevelop Lorenzo Carter's 80-acre farm on the west bank of the Cuyahoga River in what was then Brooklyn Township. At the time, the Ohio and Erie Canal was nearing completion and people everywhere were flush with land speculation fever.

The investors, who became known as the Buffalo Land Company, surveyed the land they had purchased and began draining the marsh lands that lay near the Old River Bed and the shores of Lake Erie. The group developed plans for a ship channel (which was eventually built) that was intended to divert lake and river traffic away from Cleveland to their lands. They laid out the streets for commercial and residential buildings. And, along with Josiah Barber and other large land owners to the south, they organized Ohio City (technically, "the City of Ohio"), achieving city status in 1836 several days ahead of Cleveland. Tyler's partner, Norman Baldwin, became a mayor of Ohio City, while another local partner, Charles Winslow, served as President of Ohio City Council. (Winslow was also father-in-law to C.L. Russell who later famously led the Ohio City forces in the 1836 Battle of the Bridge against Cleveland.)

Tyler, unlike the other investors who were living in Buffalo--then a city eight times the size of Cleveland, decided to settle down and become a permanent resident of Ohio City. He built a home on Detroit Avenue just to the southeast of where St. Malachi church stands today. He and his wife Sarah raised their children there. He built commercial buildings, dealt extensively in real estate, and became a director of the Bank of Cleveland. He served a term on the Ohio City Council and was a vestryman at St. John Episcopal Church. In the 1850s, as sentiment against the Kansas- Nebraska Act led to the creation of the national Republican Party, Tyler became an early convention delegate of that political party in Cleveland.

In 1856, two years after Ohio City was annexed to the City of Cleveland, Tyler purchased the farm land upon which the house at 4403 Fenwick now sits, as a gift to his wife Sarah. Construction of the house was completed in or about 1859. With an all brick facade, simple box style, and almost commercial appearance, it is different than the usual Italianate style of design built in this era in Cleveland.

Six years after building the house on Fenwick Avenue, Benjamin F. Tyler succumbed to cancer at age 63. He was buried at Monroe Street Cemetery. After his death, Sarah sold the farmhouse to German immigrants and moved into a house on Franklin Avenue. While the house at 4403 Fenwick has had a number of different owners over the past century and a half, since 1963 it has been owned by one Cleveland family.


The B. F. Tyler House
The B. F. Tyler House The house was built in 1859 by Benjamin F. Tyler as a gift to his wife Sarah. The couple, like many wealthy Clevelanders at the time, had a principal residence in the City. He may have built this house out in "the country" with the hopes that spending time there would improve Sarah's health. The farm house, shown in the photo above as it appeared in 1964, is all brick, box-like and is an Italianate style that is unusual for the City of Cleveland. Source: Cuyahoga County Archives Date: 1964
Italianate Architectural Style
Italianate Architectural Style The above sketch shows the prominent features of Italianate architecture in a house similar to the B. F. Tyler house. There do not appear to be many Italianate houses of this style in Cleveland. The style was more common in Cincinnati, Ohio. Image courtesy of City of Cincinnati Planning Commission.
Whiskey Island
Whiskey Island The land north of the Old River Bed of the Cuyahoga River has long been known to Clevelanders as Whiskey Island. In 1835, Ahaz Merchant surveyed the Lorenzo Carter farm for the Buffalo Land Company and noted on his map the names of the streets that were proposed for Whiskey Island. Many of the streets were to be named after the investors themselves, including, in addition to Benjamin F. Tyler, John B. Macy, Sheldon Thompson, Norman C. Baldwin, Hiram Pratt, Major Andre Andrews, and Charles M. Giddings (mispelled as "Gidings"). Source: Cleveland Public Library, Digital Map Collection
The Bank of Cleveland
The Bank of Cleveland Founded in 1834, it served as one of Cleveland's two principal banks in the wild decade of the 1830s. In addition to his many other business enterprises, Benjamin F. Tyler served as a director of the Bank of Cleveland, as this January 1, 1838 statement shows. Image courtesy of Cleveland Public Library, Newspaper archives.
Detroit Street Residence
Detroit Street Residence This 1874 map shows the location of B. F. Tyler's residence on Detroit Street (now "Avenue")--just south of St. Malachi Church which is identified as a "Cathedral.". This was the principal residence of Tyler and his family from at least as early as 1845 until his death in 1865. The small street bisecting the property was known as Tyler Lane. It was created after his death when his daughter Helen subdivided the property. The Detroit Avenue Tyler house no longer exists. It may have been razed in 1877 to make room for the Superior Viaduct which opened to traffic in 1878. Image courtesy of Cleveland Public Library, Digital Map Collection
Fitch v. Tyler
Fitch v. Tyler In 1849, Zalmon Fitch, a prominent Cleveland attorney representing a number of individuals who claimed they were owed money by Benjamin F. Tyler, sued Tyler and others in a Cleveland court of equity, claiming that Tyler had fraudulently transferred many of his real estate holdings out of his name in order to place them out of the reach of his creditors. Among the individuals named as having thusly unfairly received real estate from Tyler were Frederick Tyler, likely his younger brother, and his wife's uncle Philander Bennett. Image courtesy of Cleveland Public Library, Newspaper archives
Building a new Hotel
Building a new Hotel As late as 1859, Benjamin Tyler undertook a major commercial enterprise in what was formerly Ohio City. In that year, he took over the Commerce House at the corner of Main and W. River Streets, which had been partially destroyed by fire, and rebuilt it into a hotel with retail shops on the first floor. This ad by Tyler appeared in the Cleveland Plain Dealer on September 21, 1860. Image courtesy of Cleveland Public Library, Newspaper archives
A Changing Neighborhood
A Changing Neighborhood After Benjamin F. Tyler's death in 1865, his widow Sarah sold the farmhouse (circled in green). By 1881, the year this map was drawn, the neighborhood had changed considerably. The Walworth Run had been dammed, creating a large pond just southeast of the house. Near the pond an ice house had been built. During this period, George and Mary Steiger, immigrants from Baden, Germany, owned and resided in the farmhouse. Further evidence of the growing German presence in this neighborhood is the brewery shown on Buckley Street,. Founded in 1868 by German immigrant George Muth, it later became a facility of the Cleveland Sandusky Brewing Company. Image courtesy of Cleveland Public Library, Digital map collection
Final Resting Place
Final Resting Place Benjamin and Sarah Tyler are buried in Monroe Street Cemetery, on the south side of Ohio City, and less than a mile away from their summer house at 4403 Fenwick. Image courtesy of Jim Dubelko
The B. F. Tyler House Today
The B. F. Tyler House Today Taken in January 2014, this photo shows the house today, sitting very near the bridge over the Big Four railroad tracks--and what at one time was the Walworth Run, which historically separated Cleveland's west side from its south side. Image courtesy of Jim Dubelko


4403 Fenwick Ave, Cleveland, OH 44113


Jim Dubelko, “B. F. Tyler House,” Cleveland Historical, accessed June 13, 2024,