Cedar Fairmount has long served as a gateway to Cleveland Heights. This village center developed in response to the meteoric rise in population as thousands of Clevelanders followed the lead of wealthy families who left Millionaires' Row mansions for the crisp, clear air on the Heights.
Fully a decade before the Van Sweringens set their sights on the idyllic woodlands and meadows tended by the North Union Shakers to the south, the so-called Overlook was transforming in the 1890s from lands denuded by years of timbering into master-planned "garden city" allotments that anticipated Shaker Heights. Imposing estates soon perched on the bluffs, offering commanding views.
By the 1910s Cedar Fairmount, with its English-influenced buildings and street names, emerged along the main streetcar line leading eastward from Cleveland. Concurrently, the Euclid Golf allotment unfolded along Fairmount Boulevard, dubbed the "Euclid Avenue of the Heights," on land formerly occupied by the fairways of the Euclid Golf Club. Yet the Cedar Fairmount area quickly became a diverse mix of both large and modest homes.
Surrounded by historic landmarks, including large stone churches, grand apartments, and elegant homes, Cedar Fairmount continues to set the tone for Cleveland Heights.