Map of Northeast Ohio, ca. 1770s


This file appears in: Western Reserve Historical Society
Map of Northeast Ohio, ca. 1770s

In 1772, John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder, an English-born Moravian Missionary, ventured into the Western Reserve Territories, eventually settling the village of Schoenbrunn as a refuge for Native Americans who had converted to Christianity. During the Revolutionary War, Heckewelder and other Moravians declared neutrality in the conflict, leading to a trial in which the group was charged with treason by the British colonial government. While Heckewelder was on trial in Detroit, Pennsylvania Militiamen entered the Moravian-settled town of Gnadenhutten and slaughtered 96 Christian Delawares in what came to be known as the "Gnadenhutten Massacre." This map is one of many relics of the Western Reserve era of Ohio history that can be found at WRHS.

Image courtesy of Western Reserve Historical Society


This file appears in: Western Reserve Historical Society