From 1870 until 1920, Euclid Avenue was the grandest residential avenue in America. Some said it was the grandest avenue in the world. The stretch of mansions which lined Euclid Avenue from East 9th Street to East 55th Street was appropriately named "Millionaires' Row."
While Euclid Avenue lost its residential character in the twentieth century as the Avenue commercialized, and thereafter experienced a decline, the introduction of the Cleveland State University campus to the stretch of Millionaires' Row from East 17th Street to East 30th Street in the last three decades of the twentieth century sparked a revitalization of the neighborhood. Moreover, the conversion of a number of campus district buildings to dormitories, apartments and condominiums, and the construction of new student housing along Euclid Avenue, has transformed the Avenue once again into a residential neighborhood.
This tour features seven historical sites on the Cleveland State University campus. While almost all of the great mansions of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries are gone, two of them--Mather Mansion and Howe mansion, have been saved and are a part of this campus district tour. Also preserved is Trinity Cathedral--one of Cleveland's great downtown churches and a place where many of Cleveland's wealthy citizens once worshiped. The remainder of the tour features other buildings and sites which replaced or are today located on sites formerly occupied by historic mansions.